What is a Hybrid Strain? Basic Cannabis 101 

    Choosing between the different types of cannabis has more options than ever before. This guide is here to give you a broader understanding of the variations and why one might be better suited to your needs. 

There are two main types of cannabis: Sativa, and, Indica. Both are used for recreational and medicinal purposes and great care is taken when growing the plants, to produce a certain taste, look, and effect on the user. The effects with a hybrid strain can be a mix of both or favor one more strongly than the other. 

First, we’ll run through the effects of the two distinct strains of cannabis.

Sativa is described to give more of a ‘head high’ energizing effect, which is said to help reduce stress and anxiety while increasing creativity and focus.

Indica gives full-body effects to promote deep relaxation and is often used in reducing insomnia.

So What About These Different Types?

The terms Indica, Sativa, and hybrid don’t give you much more than a passing impression for about the actual difference between them. For a quick reference:

Learning more about the different plant breeds tends to help with selecting which cannabis is right for you. The dominant traits from the parent plants will be what is passed on in the hybrid, so let’s compare the two basic strains.

Sativa

The taller, thinner plants when you imagine cannabis, these strains grow in tropical climates. Because of the energetic effect, many people like to use this strain when planning to participate in activities. Sativa often produces a “mind high,” or an energizing, anxiety-reducing effect. If you use Sativa-dominant strains, you may feel productive and creative, not relaxed and lethargic.

Sativa can be used during the day because of its stimulating effect, which should help you get the chores done while smoking.

Indica

This strain comes from shorter, bushy plants and grows in cooler climates. Compared to Sativa, Indica is more of an evening strain. The effects lend themselves to be good for those interested in a relaxing night in with a book or to help with going to sleep. 

Commonly related side effects of use: Indica is prized for its deeply soothing properties.

It may also aid in the reduction of nausea and pain, as well as the stimulation of appetite. Use throughout the day or at night: Indica is best ingested at night because of its deeply relaxing effects.

What does a Hybrid Do?

Because of how plant breeding works, it can be difficult to determine exactly what a hybrid’s effects are. Figuring out what effects you want to experience is the best way to navigate shopping the different types of hybrids. 

Hybrid plants will be carefully tended to because of the variability of the growth. A 2010 study, for example, showed that a combination of CBD and THC was more effective for pain management than THC alone. As always, it’s important to know your limits and keep an eye on any new experiences!

Why is all this Important?

This is because relying on general names does not provide the user with the effect and information needed to pick the correct profile. These compounds are what determine the cannabis’ overall effects and so knowing the name can be unpredictable. Two people using the same cannabis strain may have different experiences. To choose the best cannabis strain, people should speak with a healthcare provider who has clinical experience with cannabis.

High Energy or Easy Vibes?

When looking at the effects you want to experience, the general comparison is between energetic energy or relaxed. 

An important factor is how plants with the same THC levels can produce entirely different effects when used. Because of how our bodies regulate, the mood, chemistry, and many other factors have a huge impact on how cannabis is experienced. 

Because of this, we’ll give you a quick overview of cannabinoids and terpenes. 

What are Terpenes and Cannabinoids?

Terpenes are plants’ naturally occurring compounds that produce aromatic effects. Some examples are things like lavender, lemon, pepper, pine needles, and finally, cannabis! 

Different terpenes are what is responsible for the unique aromas and flavors of cannabis strains. These are flavors like sweet, fruity, sour, herbal, or spicy, and there is strong evidence that these flavors influence the overall effect of the specific strains. Terpenes and terpenoids are also important components of many types of plants and flowers’ essential oils.

Terpenes won’t get you ‘high’ in the classic meaning of the word. Some are still deemed psychoactive because they do have an effect on the brain.

Cannabinoids are compounds in the cannabis plant. And those compounds are the big reason for all the interest in cannabis in the first place, THC and CBD! Phytocannabinoids occur in several plant species besides cannabis, but for obvious reasons, cannabis is our favorite. 

When selecting the right strain, ask your Green Kong budtender!