As more states legalize marijuana for medical and recreational uses, there is a growing interest in the diverse impacts that different kinds of cannabis, such as Indica and Sativa, can cause.
Cannabis comes in two well-known varieties: Sativa and Indica. Both species of plant have the same parent if you think about how the plants have been tended to over the years. This means they have a lot of similarities, but they also have a lot of differences.
What has interested people for thousands of years are the chemicles in the plant: CBD and THC. (Fun fact: Cannabis chemical ingredients include roughly 120 chemicals that give it its distinctive scent, in addition to THC.)
Cannabinoids are some of the most researched class of chemicals, owing to their broad variety of pharmacological effects on humans, including psychoactive properties. Modern medical cannabis producers actively develop and grow a diverse range of strains in both the Indica and Sativa categories to ensure that the proper treatment is available for each patient’s specific mix of ailment, preference, and lifestyle.
In general, marijuana businesses and data suggest that Indica is more soothing and Sativa is more energetic. There are also many who argue that such claims are inaccurate. The recreational and medical effects of marijuana are influenced by more elements than just strain, like body chemistry, potency, and the amount taken.
All of this is crucial to keep in mind when shopping for any type of cannabis. Users who have professions or family responsibilities that require a certain amount of energy are often unable to handle the sedative qualities of many Indicas. Not to mention, there are many who may need to seek out the most potent non-opiate painkiller available. When given the choice between chronic pain and the calming effects of a powerful Indica strain known for its medicinal properties, most patients will opt for the latter.
Here, we’ll delve into the two species to better grasp what we’re talking about when we go on and on about CBD and THC.
Cannabis Sativa is native to warmer climates like Southeast Asia and Central and South America. Sativa has been utilized as a hallucinogenic, hypnotic, sedative, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory drug in Indian traditional medicine. Tinctures, teas, and ointments have all been in use in the past as well.
If you’re looking to distinguish the specific plant: Sativa plants are tall and narrow, with finger-like leaves. They can reach heights of more than 12 feet and take longer to mature than other cannabis varieties. Because Sativa takes longer to mature, it used to be less profitable for sellers, as it was seemingly better to focus on faster-growing crops for a future payday. This was before the difference in strains was well known, and now these specialties are popular no matter their growth time.
The common consensus is that it gives you a more invigorating and creative high, while it can make some individuals anxious. Sativa can also aid persons who are suffering from depression, migraines, nausea, or a loss of appetite. THC is more prevalent in Sativa plants than CBD which may be why the effects are more energetic.
The Cannabis Indica plant can be found in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Tibet, among other countries in the Middle East. The CBD to THC ratio is fairly close to 1:1, which means that it has a higher CBD concentration than Cannabis Sativa.
For a physical description: Indica grows short and stocky, with bushy foliage and large, broad leaves. Indica is often thought to be an excellent pain killer with a flat, calming high. A hybrid version of this strain can be found in many medical marijuana strains.
As we said, these plants are short and stocky, which certainly makes it easy to tell them apart from Sativa. They also grow faster than Sativa and generate more buds per plant. They may work better for some types of anxiety than Sativas because they can provide you with a deep sense of relaxation. Many people feel that Indicas aid in appetite stimulation and sickness relief.
Are there Varieties?
Varieties are created to enhance specific plant traits, to differentiate the strain for marketing objectives, or to make it more effective as a medication. The names of varieties are usually chosen by their producers and represent characteristics of the plant such as taste, color, or scent, as well as the variety’s origin.
Hybrids are plants cultivated from one Indica parent and one Sativa parent to create strains with a middle-of-the-road effect: calming but not overly sedating, tranquil but (sorta) alert. At least, that all depends on the grower.
Are you ready for an insider secret? Nearly every flower or “bud” you’ll see in a licensed dispensary is a hybrid. Decades of crossbreeding have resulted in a diverse range of breeds, each with its own set of characteristics. All of these strains have been bred to have a high concentration of cannabinoids.
Here’s something else to throw into the mix: hemp.
Hemp is a kind of cannabis with a low THC level that is farmed for its fiber and seed rather than its cannabinoid content.
Hemp is frequently mistaken with the cannabis plants that provide the raw materials for the drugs marijuana and hashish. Although all three products—hemp, marijuana, and hashish—contain THC, the hemp form of cannabis contains much less THC than marijuana or hashish.
So, keep hemp cord away from the bowl, it’s not worth lighting up!
And Now You’re In the Know
The botanical qualities of Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica differ, and the effects of official hybrid plants can have an even wider range of effects.
Sativa is more energetic, while Indica is more soothing, according to anecdotal data, but the scientific fact is far more convoluted. In truth, the medical and recreational effects of cannabis are caused by a variety of chemical components.
Although the distinctions between the two plants may be true, it is vital for a person to look at the biochemical composition of the individual strains in order to select the strain that is best suited to their needs.